FAQs About Roofing

roofers repairing roof

Roof Replacement or Roof Repair?

Q: Do I Have To Replace My Roof or Can It Be Repaired?

A: Although many people believe that you have to replace a leaking roof, that is not always true unless your roof is old. Curling, broken, cracked, and missing shingles may be replaced and repaired to stop leaks. However, you should replace an older roof that has widespread issues or multiple leaks.

Roof Repair Cost

Q: How Much Does It Cost to Repair a Roof?

A: The Cost can vary significantly depending on the kind of shingles the roof has its pitch, the condition it is in, and how many layers of shingles there are. Getting a free quote done is the best way to determine the cost.

DIY Roof Repair

Q: Can I Repair My Own Roof?

A: Although DIY homeowners can tackle some small jobs, a roof replacement or other major work is a complex process that does require extensive training and, therefore, should be done by professionals. A professional roofing contractor undergoes certification and training by the materials manufacturer to obtain an extended manufacturer warranty. If a person who has not been trained by the manufacturer repairs the roof, the manufacturer will void or not offer a warranty.

Life of a Roof

Q: How Long Does A Roof Last?

A: Numerous factors help to determine how long a roof lasts. Although a majority of roofs come with a warranty that doesn’t mean yours will always go that long before it needs to be replaced. There are some roofs that will wear out more quickly due to environmental conditions and weather, while others might last longer. However, most roofs have been designed to last for 15 to 25 years. There are some types of metal and slate roofs that can last even longer than that.

Q: What Causes the Roof to Wear Out?

A: Mildew growth, algae, direct sun, and severe weather all can be factors in wearing out a roof. Hailstones that strike a roof and remove granules can be a problem also. A darker coloured roof has a tendency to wear out somewhat faster than a lighter coloured roof.

Hail Damage To a Roof

Q. What Size of Hail Damages a Roof?

A: There are numerous factors that influence whether hail will damage a roof or not. The condition and age of the roof can have a significant impact on how big a hail pellet has to be to cause damage. However, in general, marble and pea size hailstones usually don’t damage a roof unless there are high winds as well.

Q: Are All of the Houses In One Neighbourhood Affected The Same By Hail?

A: No, a hail storm can vary significantly even within small areas. Also, the roofs will vary in terms of condition and age, which will have an impact on how the roofs are affected by hail.

Detection of Water Leaks

Q: How Can Find the Precise Location of a Leak?

A: It can be hard to spot leaks since water looks for the path of least resistance and travels before it finally shows up in the ceiling. You can go into the crawl space or attic of your house with a flashlight after it rains and attempt to trace it. However, the most accurate way is to have a professional come out to your house and provide you with a quote to find it.

Q: I have a Leak in my Roof, But I Just Put On New Shingles Last Year – What Is The Problem?

A: It is possible the shingles were not installed properly. They might have been placed on top of an existing shingle layer or they might not be providing enough coverage, or a recent storm could have caused damage. Having an estimate and inspection done is the best way to determine what the problem is.

Q: How Difficult Is It to Repair a Roof That Is Leaking?

A: It will depend on several different factors, like the condition and age of the roof, and what the cause of the leak is. If minor issues with the flashing or shingles are causing the leak, they can easily be repaired in a couple of hours. However, if you have an old roof that has widespread problems, it might have to be replaced. That process could take several days.

Roof Replacement

Q: Before I Put a New One On Should I Have My Old Roof Removed?

A: Although it is possible technically to layer a set of shingles directly over another layer, that might set you up to have problems in the future. If the current shingles are missing, cracked, curling, or covered with algae or moss, they need to be stripped off and a new roof needs to be installed. Also, if you have two layers on the roof already, they will need to be taken off and new shingles will need to be installed.

A Time Line For Roof Repair and Replacement

Q: How Long Does It Take to Repair or Replace a Roof?

A: All roofs are different, and it will also depend on what a roofer discovers once they go up. It may take a few hours up to a few days depending on the scope and size of the project.

Roof Replacement

Q: Will The Wood Underneath the Shingles Have to be Replaced?

A: If the wood under the shingle has water damage signs, it will also need to be replaced.

Q. What Is The Best Color of Roof to Get?

The color of the roof that you choose should complement your overall house. That is a secondary consideration to the kind of material you select for the roof. Make sure to get a color brochure or guide for the kind of shingle you choose to see what options are available to you.

How to Find a Contractor

Q: How Do I Select the Best ROOFING CONTRACTOR:

A: Make sure to get detailed quotes from roofers in your area, and ensure that it details everything that you have discussed. Also, ask for referrals and references from past customers. Make certain that the roof cleans up after themselves, finishes jobs when they say they will, addresses issues in a timely fashion, and sticks to the contract. Above all, make sure you trust whoever you hire will do the job right the first time.

Commercial Flat Roof Replacement Options

Flat roofs have a lifespan. This is the reality of things, even when you take good care of the roof by regularly inspecting and maintaining the roof whenever necessary. At the end of a commercial flat roof’s life, you must replace it. There are various options to choose from.

Herein are the top commercial flat roof replacements systems for your consideration:

flat roof repair construction

1. Built-Up Roofing (BUR)

Built-up roofing, better known as BUR, is one of the most popular commercial building roof systems that property owners turn to when replacing an old roof. For starters, the roof is composed of multiple layers, giving the roof effective insulation properties. This roofing system is also very attractive as it contains various gravel top coats.

However, like every other roofing system, BUR does have its own unique set of drawbacks. For instance, the multilayer of the roofing system adds plenty of weight to the roof structure. This necessitates additional reinforcing of the joists. Additionally, the installation of the BUR system is very disruptive to the business operations as the building must be completely vacated for the roof to be installed.

2. Single-Ply EPDM

Ethylene propylene diene monomer system, better known as EPDM or simply rubber roofing is a roofing system composed as single-ply rubber compound. Rubber roofs are known to have exceptional durability and a very stellar life expectancy.

However, rubber roofs are very maintenance intensive. The numerous seams that use adhesives also make this roofing system very susceptible to the elements giving rise to problems.

3. Modified Bitumen

For commercial property owners looking for a more environmentally friendly roofing system, the modified bitumen is a good option. The single-ply system reduces the energy bill by reflecting solar radiation. The system is usually rolled onto the roofing surface and adhering the material. Traditionally, installing this material entailed applying the modified bitumen in layers and heating the material with a blowtorch. These days, you simply have to peal the material and install it.

The biggest disadvantage of modified bitumen roofs is their vulnerability to scuffing and tearing. If your roof has plenty of traffic, you can expect a modified bitumen roof to tear and scuff.

4. PVC

PVC roofing is very easy to install and they have stellar durability. They are also very reflective and resist water ponding, negating a major issue with flat roofs.

However, they are not a seamless roofing system. PVC is applied in rolls, requiring the installation of many seams. That said when the rolls are installed using heat-welding the sheets form a strong bond than using adhesives.

5. Roof Coatings

Roofing coating systems are perhaps the best roofing systems to install on a flat roof. Michael Grist of Excel Projects, a large high rise glass replacement and roof repair company in the Toronto area, says, “They’re low-maintenance, have insulating properties, and lower roof temperatures by up to 80 degrees”.

Applying the roof coating system can repair and restore an existing roof to a ‘like-new’ condition reducing the need to replace your roof. Doing this can infuse up to 18 years of life to your roof. The coatings are also waterproof, sealing up the roof and protecting it from Mother Nature’s elements. These days, it’s important to select an ENERGY STAR® roofing system.

You should also know that applying roof coating is much cheaper and less labor-intensive than removing an old roof and installing a new roof. Importantly, during the entire process, you can open your business; there is no downtime. And should you require a re-coat down the road, you can have the roof re-coated.

Popular Roofing Materials, Their Advantages and Disadvantages

Metal roofing and asphalt shingles are perhaps the popular roofing options, and that is why we will be comparing the pros and cons of the two.  So, let’s get going!

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are a top pick for roofing houses with more than 70% of single-family homes in American have this roofing material on their properties. However, that number has registered a slight drop over the past years due to the introduction of metal roofing materials that are more durable and energy-efficient.


One of the reasons why asphalt shingles are common in the market is the fact that they are relatively cheap. The other reason is that they are attractive, durable, and can go the job (protect the home and its inhabitants from adverse weather).

When shopping for the asphalt shingles, you will come across two variants:

1)    Fiberglass shingles

The fiberglass shingles that have a meshed mat made from fiberglass that’s covered in asphalt. Granules are then introduced as the top layer to help reflect sunlight. The fiberglass asphalt shingles are highly resistant to wear and tear, and they are light and sturdy.

2)    Organic asphalt shingles

The shingles are made from recycled paper saturated in asphalt and granules at the outer layer. They tend to be bulkier to work with compared to the fiberglass shingles. However, they are the most stable, able to withstand strong winds. The may still feature on most home, but the organic shingles have been slowly phased out of the market and their production slowing coming to a halt over the past decade. The manufacturer stopped making these shingles because they dry out thus becoming prone to moisture adsorption and consequently less-waterproof.

Pros and Cons of Asphalt Shingles

Some of the top reasons for most homeowners to opt for asphalt shingles are the roofing material for their home are:

  • Fiberglass shingles have exceptional fire resistance and provide excellent fire protection.
  • The shingles exude a certain elegance that makes with an ideal choice from any home style.
  • They have a better range of choices and are very affordable.
  • They are durable, can last for around 30 years in a home located in areas with moderate climate.
  • 3-tab shingles are a sound choice for roofing repairs of a home that is to be listed in the real estate market.
  • Asphalt shingles are available in an array of color, style, and size with options that can mimic slate, stone, and shakes.
  • It is easy to handle the installing of asphalt shingles as a DIY project if you have the experience and equipment for the job.
  • The shingles take away the need to install the standard roof sheathing.
  • The standard architectural shingles have a rating for winds of up to 110-130mph while the 3-tab single can withstand 60-70 mph.
  • Homes in heavily-forested areas can benefit best from high-impact shingles such as the ones GAF manufactures.
  • The repair process for most shingles is easy and cost-effective.

The advantages of asphalt shingles mentioned above speak volumes as to the popularity of this roofing option.

But you also need to consider the pitfalls of having such a roof over your head. Below are a few words of caution about asphalt shingles:

  • While there can never lack some positive regarding asphalt shingles, overall the lifetime costs of installing shingles in your home can be higher than the metal roofing options because they will be replaced sooner and more frequently than the metal roofing.
  • Regarding the durability of this material, the cheap asphalt shingles in the market can work for less than 12 years in areas that are sunny or with hot climates.
  • The rapid rise and drop in temperatures soon cause the singles to warp or develop cracks.
  • Homes with poorly vented attics have asphalt shingled roof with short lifespan because of the trapped heat that drastically reduces the shingle lifespan.
  • The asphalt shingles industry say that its products are recycled and can be reused for paving. However, there are a few facilities that handle the recycling of asphalt shingles. Moreover, they are the least environmentally friending roofing materials in the market.
  • The complete replacement of the asphalt roofing is necessary once the two layers are spent. The old sheets are ripped off to create room for a fresh cover, which can be quite costly.
  • The risk of mold and algae invading the home is relatively high with using asphalt shingles and thus then need to have the material tested and treated with anti-stain and anti-algae treatments to curb such a scenario.
  • Get the shingle up to the roof in bundles can be tasking because the singles are heavy.

Metal Roofing

Some of the old home and building still boast of metallic roofs. The roofing option as gradually regains fame due to the sudden demand for eco-friendly and durable roofing choices among the homeowners.  And while the technology for the manufacture of the metal roofing has evolved, the material is still made and distributed in rolls of rigid sheet. They can include modular press-formed panels or vertical-seam panels that are coated with colored granules or painted.


Today manufacturing methods for the metal roofing materials avail an array of options that range from the conventional styles to the modern designs that mimic tiles, shingles, and shakes. Most of the metallic roofing materials are made from light metal such as zinc, aluminum and lightweight steel. Copper metal roofing materials are also available but are pricey.

Pros and Cons of Metal Roofing

If you are wondering what is so good about metal roofs, then the following may be some compelling information:

  • The metal roofing has a wide range of styles that mimic tile, shingles, slate, and shakes, and available in an array of colors.
  • The roofing material is durable, can last 50 – 100 years and has warranties of over 30 years.
  • Metal is a reflective surface; it reflects the radiant heat of the sun keeping the home cool and aiding in lower energy costs.
  • Most metal roofing materials are fire retardant and with a Class-A fire rating.
  • The installation of some style of metallic roofs, such as the ribbed panels and corrugated sheets, are cheap and quick to install.
  • The metal roofing materials are designed to shed snow and rain with ease, and this means that homeowners do not have to worry about the formation of ice dams on their roofs during extreme cold.
  • The material for metal roofing is 100% recyclable.
  • Some of the metal roofing products are highly robust, lightweight, and impact- resistant.
  • Metallic roofing is a practical application for any type and systole of home including cottages and cabins.
  • Some of the top-end products are designed to meet the stringent wind uplift standards and other qualities for withstanding adverse weather conditions.

While the above merits are enough to convince you that metal roofs are a worthwhile investment, you also need to base your final decision on a comparison of some of the drawback of metal roofing.

The potential disadvantages of metallic roofs include:

  • The installation of metal roofs is significantly higher compared to the cost of installing wood roofing and asphalt shingles.
  • They metallic roof systems require the addition of a substrate or solid sheathing to minimize the amount of noise that the roof will make especially when hit by rain, hail or strong winds.
  • The light metal roofing materials can be dented or punctured when hit by heavy objects; thus a replacement is necessary, and this is costlier than replacing wooden tile and asphalt shingles.
  • Some of the robust metallic roofing systems may do their job of protecting the home from strong winds or storms but may be an obstacle that prevents firefighters from breaking through to battle fires.

Some other roofing materials to consider might include the following

Wood shingles and shakes

The wooden tiles, shakes, and shingles are the ideal choice if you are thinking along the line of a rustic style. They work best for homes in areas where there is enough sun to ensure they stay dry. But their durability is also subject to quality installation.

Clay, concrete or composite tiles

They are molded roofing materials with each type having a unique attribute that makes it a better choice over the other. For instance, clay will last longer than the composite tile but is costlier. The choice often boils down to preference and practicality.

Slate roofing:

Slates are an ideal choice for upscale stone and brick homes. They are an affordable option that can result in a finish with a distinctive look and feel.

Tesla solar tiles

The roofs are relatively new and are still in the testing phase. They may have shown tremendous promise with the aim of filling in the gap of energy-efficiency in roofing systems and solution. However, the Tesla roofs may be nothing more than vapourware.


How to Save Money and Get A Great Roof

Objectively, there always is room to save some money when doing any home renovation project or building a new one. You should consider getting the quality material at affordable prices and hire good labor at a low cost. The secret is to avoid going for the cheaper offers for the materials or labor or else you will end up with a failing roof that soon starts falling apart.

So, your efforts to save a few bucks should see you get estimated from a few reputable and experienced roofing contractors who are licensed and insured. They should be familiar with or specialize in the kind of roof you want. And point out to them that you also have a few other companies that are interested in handling the project; thus they should quote their best, and most affordable prices with work and product guarantees.

Metal Shingle Roofs

Learn A Few Things About Metal Shingle Roofs

Are you a homeowner? Are you interested in having a new metal roof installed on top of your home? Do you hesitate to do this because you fear your home might wind up looking like a barn or maybe even too modern for the neighborhood you live in? If you find yourself saying yes to these questions, then you should think about having a roof of architectural metal shingles installed, since they can offer the very same supreme performance as other premier systems.

example of metal shingle roofing

Metal shingle roofs give their owners the distinct look that traditional roof systems might have, including tiles, slate, cedar shingles, composition shingles, and much more. On top of this, most metal shingle roofs cost less than a similar standing seam roof, while still giving their owners the same levels of longevity, durability, and protection.

If your home is a brick house or even in the classic colonial style, then it’s worth looking into a metal shingles roof, because you can get all the advantages of a metal roof while preserving your traditional and authentic look.

What’s This All About Anyway?

Following standing seam metal roofing, the interlocking metal shingle kind of roof is the second highest in popularity in the category of residential metal roofing. Numerous manufacturers provide a tremendous variety of differing style of metal shingles. The most frequently used materials in metal shingle manufacturing are aluminum and G90 galvanized steel, although you can even find a few zinc and copper kinds of shingles.

Manufacturers make metal shingles by using a stamping press, which metal coil is fed through before the die uses two or three steps to stamp the actual shingle. In the first step, the specific profile of the shingle gets stamped out, along with the lock flanges. In the following steps, the locks get made before the shingle comes out from the stamping press before being packaged into boxes.

You might be interested to know that the majority of metal shingles come already painted, usually with Kynar 500 or an equivalent-caliber paint. There are typically seven different layers of primer and paint baked right onto the metal coil.


Two primary distinguishing characteristics of most metal shingles are their low profiles and four-way interlocking designs. The low profile means that metal shingles are easy for walking on when being installed without damaging them. Also, the simplified roof flashing system makes them much easier to install, so they cost less than standing seam roofs.

Natural slate impression and cedar shingle are two of the more popular styles of modern metal shingles. Metal shingles like these can resemble other kinds of premier roofing materials quite closely. However, in the case of cedar shingles, the installation cost is about the same, or a lot less in terms of slate impressions metal shingles. Metal shingles are also going to usually last far longer than cedar shingles do.

The simple flat tile impression is another very popular kind of metal shingles, and it’s basically just a smooth-surfaced metal shingle that has stiffening ribs along the middle, which creates the look of different tiles. These same stiffening ribs get used in every other kind of metal shingle.

All About Standing Seem Metal Roofing

Standing Seam Metal Roofing Guide

Standing seam roofs are among the most maintenance-free and durable kinds of metal roofs and may last more than 30 years. It is easy to install standing seam roofing, and in many cases it can be put on top of existing roofing materials, and offers extra energy reduction benefits.

Standing Seam roof panels may be designed using different radius roof profiles which makes them perfect for structures that have several roof levels. This kind of metal roofing is comprised of vertical panels that have two seams on each panel and stand up vertically. After they have been installed, there are dramatic shadow lines that run continuously from the eave to the ridge, which accents the plane and pitch of all roof angles.

standing seem metal roofing

Installation of a Standing Seam Metal Roof

A standing seam metal roof is installed or formed through crimping each of the adjacent seams together to seal into a single joint. Roof drain is one of the major purposes or advantages. After the appropriate underlayment is placed, standing seam panels need to be sequentially installed.

The underlayment is critical, so make sure to select the right one. What I recommend is that you use a water and ice-shielded and self-adhering product. Usually standing seam panels are around 18-24 inches wide when they are finished running parallel to the roof’s slope.

Fasteners or clips are used to attach the panels to the underlayment which allows the metal to contract or expand with changes in temperature. Use a crimping tool to crimp both seams together and continue to repeat the crimping action until all of the panels have been seamed.

Metal standing seam panels come in four basic styles:

  • Two Piece Snap-Lock
  • One Piece Snap-Lock
  • Symmetrical mechanically seamed
  • Mechanically seamed

Standing Seam Roofing Advantages

Standing seam metal roofing may be the best option for your roof over the current roofing material. They last a very long time and may even last 2 times the lifespan of roofing shingles. Standing seam roofs and metal roofs are made out of copper, aluminum, and steel, so there are several different options to choose from. Very little or no maintenance is required by metal roofs over time and when installed correctly are even able to withstand up to 140 mile per hour winds.

Fire resistant properties are offered as well and they won’t collapse due to heavy snow loads or water. However, you need to make sure that the right gauge is used in order to prevent hail damage. Metal roofs are made in all finishes and colors, to meet your architectural needs. The sun’s ray’s are reflected by the metal, and in turn that reduces heat transfer into your home. Standing seam metal roofs, in many cases, may reduce your cooling costs by as much as 30%.

Disadvantages To Standing Seams

A standing seam metal roof is a great option that you can use in your project, but you do need to be aware that there can be some disadvantages also. Shingles may be a less expensive solution, although these days high oil prices are causing shingles to bit a bit pricey, and bringing them nearer to the prices of standing seams.

If your roof is too steep then it may not be the best roofing solution to use. It can be very dangerous to walk on a metal roof and extreme safety measures must be taken. Metal roofs are very hard to install on a roof that has a lot of skylights, chimneys, vents, or equipment.

Cost of a Standing Seam Roof

An onsite inspection will be required to determine the feasibility of installation, standing seam cost, and other relevant information. A complex installation normally will cost an extra 10 percent in labor and material costs. When getting a metal roof quote make sure it includes fasteners and stack covers, vents and soffit, counter flashing, underlayment and delivery.

For instance, 29 gauge 12″ standing seam will cost approximately $2.45 per linear foot and 29 gauge 16″ panel will cost almost $2.75 per linear food.

These costs are approximate, however, and may or may not represent actual costs for standing seam panels.

The Advantages of Metal Roofing

Due to the continued development and even improvement of already existing metal roofing products the popularity for them has significantly increased. And, this can even be confirmed by the Canadian Roofing Contractors Association. This is simply due to the fact that builders and even homeowners are now becoming educated from various sources about the true benefits which can come as a result of having a metal roof.

The last two decades gone has seen advancement in several types of new materials that has taken the market by storm. And, they are nothing like your typical corrugated barn roof! As of today, this type of roof has provided owners and builders with a solution that not only looks amazing but it is lightweight, durable and even resistant to fire.

metal roof example in a commercial application

Benefits Of A Metal Roof

When it comes to considering the guaranteed benefits of a metal roof, the most desired quality that everyone loves is the fact that it is resistant to fires. In addition, when it comes to the overall installation process, a roof of this type can be assembled in the blink of an eye by any trained professional and it also lasts for quite a long time without needing too much maintenance. As a result of its light weight capabilities, it also has the power to reflect the scorching heat radiated by the sun, this in turn aids in helping owners save a great deal on their cooling and energy bills.

However, even though there are several advantages of a metal roof and the materials that are used, there are also quite a few drawbacks.

Metal Roof Materials

The materials used are comprised mainly of steel and aluminum. In addition, other materials tend to require different alloys and even copper, and as we know, these increase the overall cost of your finished product. If you’re looking for an economical roof, then steel and aluminum is by far your best option in the matter, and it even allows paint finishes.

However, aluminum is quite soft and it can if course be easily damaged or more so dented. In addition, it is a tad bit more expensive when compared to steel. But the bright side to this small expense is that it doesn’t corrode as easy as steel, hence your overall job wouldn’t be compromised.

Choosing A Look for Your Metal Roof

When it comes to choosing a final look, you’ll firstly want to consider the finished look that you want. This is simply because residential roofing is available in two forms, these being shingles and secondly panels that look like sheets. However, both are available in varied patterns and colors.

The most common style is that of a standing seam roof, this type has ribs which are raised and they are typically placed either 12 inches or even 6 inches apart. And, it is fixed at a vertical position on the roof. However, it gives a more clean-cut commercial finish that is widely desired by not only builders but owners as well; and it can be used for modern wonders as well as mountain cabins.

Metal Shingle Roofing

This type is extremely different when compared to that of a sheeted roof. The metal used in this process is typically assembled into shapes that sort of simulate slate tiles, Spanish roofing tiles or even wood shakes. However, this type of roofing material has been designed to give its users a layered finish that can very well include stone as a topcoat which further adds to the design.

Read more on Metal Shingle Roofing

This video explains some of the main advantages of Metal over Asphalt Roofs.